Turkey’s capital, Ankara, is located in the heartland of the country and part of a region with a long history and many tales of many bygone civilisations who have passed through. Due to its location the region has been a historical junction of major trade routes and a crossroads for the migrations of peoples and nations. The city was an important cultural, trading and arts centre in Roman times, and a major trading centre on the caravan route to the east in the Ottoman era. Declared the capital of the new Republic of Turkey in 1923, today the city manages to blend both its past and booming modern presence with great aplomb. Considered the first stop on any trip to Ankara, its Citadel bears the marks of all of the civilisations that have played a role in the city's past. There are 17th century houses and the Alaaddin Mosque, the oldest religious building in Ankara still open to worship, as well as the breathtaking panoramic vista over Ankara from the top of the city walls. Samanpazarı, the locality of the Citadel, is full of antique dealers and souvenir shops and has several caravanserais and museums to see. The street of copper workers is particularly popular and many interesting old and new items, not just of copper, can be found here, such as jewellery, carpets, costumes, antiques and embroidery. Walking up the hill to the Citadel Gate there are many interesting shops selling spices, dried fruits, nuts and more.
Culture & Art
Turkey Unesco Heritage
In the last decade there has been an explosion in the arts and culture in Turkey. Culture and Arts provides an introduction to the country’s array of museums and contemporary arts venues, as well as the variety of performing arts on offer.
Explore Turkish literature and cinema; and there is a section on Turkish food, one of the major cuisines of the world. Learn Turkish gives guidance on how and where you can learn to speak and understand Turkish.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Sites are places of importance to cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in 1972. Turkey accepted the convention on 16 March 1983, making its historical sites eligible for inclusion on the list; as of 2016, sixteen sites in Turkey are included.
The first three sites in Turkey, Great Mosque and Hospital of Divriği, Historic Areas of Istanbul and Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia, were inscribed on the list at the 9th Session of the World Heritage Committee, held in Paris, France in 1985. The latest inscription, Archaeological Site of Ani, was added to the list in 2016.
Bursa and Cumalikizik
Following the proclamation of the Republic, Turkish museums developed considerably, mainly due to the importance Atatürk had attached to the research and exhibition of artifacts of Anatolia. When the Republic of Turkey was proclaimed, there were only the İstanbul Archaeology Museum called the "Asar-ı Atika Müzesi", the Istanbul Military Museum housed in the St. Irene Church, the Islamic Museum (Evkaf-ı Islamiye Müzesi) in the Suleymaniye Complex in Istanbul and the smaller museums of the Ottoman Empire Museum (Müze-i Humayun) in a few large cities of Anatolia.
Today, there are 99 museum directorates attached to the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, 151 private museums in 36 provinces and 1,204 private collections.
Religious Sites in Turkey. You can visit lots of unique religious sites and faith centers in Turkey; which are mosques, churches and synagogues.
Sanli Urfa Mosque & Lake
Amasya Mosque Complex
Throughout its long history spanning over 10,000 years Anatolia, the land that is now Turkey has been the birthplace of many great civilisations and empires all of which have left their mark in unique ways.
Lose yourself in the ancient cities and sites of Turkey, which includes once in a lifetime chance to visit the cities of Ephesus, Aspendos, Perge, Hierapolis, Aphrodisias, Gobeklitepe, Hattusas, Catalhoyuk, Assos, Troy, Ani, Demre (Myra) and Side as well as the Aizanoi Ancient City.
Nature & Geography
Culture and Art
Religion in Turkey
Turkey Unesco Heritage